What is Saturated fat?
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature, which is why they’re known as “solid fat”. Saturated fats are mostly in animal foods such as cheese, milk, and red meat. When it comes to poultry and fish they have less saturated fat than red meat. This is why it’s a great idea to substitute turkey ground for hamburger meat. Saturated fat is also in a variety of oils like tropical, coconut, palm & cocoa butter. Usually you’ll find tropical oils in many snacks and in nondairy foods, such as coffee creamers. There is a high content of saturated fat in foods made with butter, margarine or shortening such as cakes, cookies, and other deserts. Saturated fat can raise your cholesterol and can put your health in a higher risk category. A healthy diet should have ideally less than 10% of daily calories from saturated fat. This may seem difficult to do but once you get really good at reading labels, learning to substitute when cooking and focusing on what you’re eating, it will become very easy.
What is Trans fat?
Trans fat is fat that has been changed by a process called hydrogenation. Hydrogenation increases the shelf life of fat and makes it even harder at room temperature simply put hydrogenation preserves fat. When fat is harder it makes crispier crackers and flakier pie crusts. Trans fat can definitely raise your cholesterol, so eat as little trans fat as possible. You’ll find trans fat in processed foods, snack foods like chips and crackers, cookies, some margarine and salad dressings, and foods made with shortening or partially hydrogenated oils. So, you must read the nutritional labels and learn to cook healthier meals.